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The Heavy pages in Moscow's History.CHESS:Aut.Mrs.H.Uralova. 502 Bad Gateway

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The chess were exposed:in Cultural Centre "Ukrainian House", Kiev(1997);the Attache on the culture of the Russian Embassy in Kiev (1997) ; at "Slaviansky Bazar" (" Slavonic Marcet") fest in 1998 (Odessa).

The Heavy pages in Moscow's History of Rurikoviches Dinasty Times .
CHESS: "850 th anniversary of Moscow's foundation"

Author Mrs.
Elena
Uralova.



The set is an author's attempt to reflect the revolutionary events in history of Moscow's history which took their places during the time of Rurikoviches dinasty reign:the foundation of the wooden fortress in1156; devastation and burning of Moscow by Baty-Khan in 1237;seizure of the city by Polish army and burning in 1611.
  All the pieces are executed in the manner of  busts in order to perform more precisly the smallest details of each figurine.


The Whites.



The Blacks.

The King:
Yuri Dolgoruky(the founder of Moscow).His description in historjcal literature was taken as the basis of the present image.The sun, represented on his breast-plate, emphasizes his relation to Kievan Prices (the image of the sun is being often found in theold russian literature as a methaphore for one of the most famous Kievan Princes- Vladimir;The Red Sun").On the back of the figurine one may see a variant of the icon of St.George as a symbol of the Prince's relation to Moscow(St.Geoge is considered to be heavenly patrone of Moscow).
 The King:
          Baty-Khan. On his breast there is a golden plate on whitch the furious tiger is represented.This sign of the khan's power Baty-Khan had received from his father-severe and fearless Juchy Khan,who had received it in his time from Kingiz -Khan-his father.The tiger's head is to mention of Kaghan's (kind of a parliament of Mongolian- Ta- tar's) commandment:"You must obey comman- dments of a bearer of this plate as if it where us commanded".On the back of the figurine there is a grey eagle,carrying a black raven.The eagle was the patron of Kingiz-Khan's clan.  
The Queen:
       The Russian Princess,who often performed an assistance in Prince's state affairs.She symbolizes the revival of the city and the Moscovian Princedom.
                  
 
The Queen:
         One of the seven wifes of Baty-Khan-Yuldoos,who accompanied her husband in the warfare to Rus.She was Baty-Khan's fovourite wife.Oh her mantel-there are seven stars,which mean she was taken to the warfare as seventh,working("biak")wife.In her head-there is a diademe from Tsargrad(Byzantium),presented to her by the ambassadors of Russian,were killed by Baty-Khan.
The Rook(1 st.):
         A tower of the wooden Moscow Kremlin that was built by Yuri Dolgoruky,according to the historical documents,when he had begun erection of the fortifications at the bank of Moscow River.
1237 J.Mongolian-Tatar armies leaded by Baty-Khan,the Kingis-Khan's grand-son,crossed the Russian lands.Baty-Khan had burnt Moscow along with many Russian cities.

The Rook(2 nd.):
        One of the towers of the Moscow Kremlin(the Byelokamenny - whitestone),restored after the no- nomad's invasion.

The Knight: A Wild steppeland horse,  tamed by the nomads.
 The Rook:
        A tent of Mongolian-Tatars.The roof of the tent is decorated with the images of the selestial codies,moving around the heavens.These images reflect Baty-Khan's desire to conquer the entire world,on the walis-there are Mongolian-Tatar's symbols.

The Pawns (3 pcs.):The Mongolian warriors.

 The Pawns (3 pcs.):
Russian Bohatyrs(hero warriors)-the protector of the lands Moscovian and Russian.
The Knights:
Russian steeds,such as belonged to Bohatyrs,mounted and ready for Battle.

The eary 17 th century. Poland and Lithuania made attempts to conquer the Moscowian State.
1611 J. Poish invaders had burnt Moscow.

The Officer(1 st):
The Polish King Sigizmund III,the third in armours.
The Knight: A knights heavy horse.

TheOfficer(1 st):
The Prince Dmitry Pozarsky.
The Officer(2 nd):
Koosma Minyn.
The Pawns(3 pcs):
The Strelets(russian soldiers of the period),who had been protecting Moscow.
The Pawn(1 ps):
A well-done Don Kossak.One of those who had participated in liberation of Moscow.
The Officer(2 nd):
Lzedmiitry(The False Dmitry).Polish marionete who was to be enthroned to rule over Russia supperted by Polish and Lithunian armies.There is not a sign his breast.This stands for absence of any pedigree.
The Rook( 2 nd):
A tent of Polish invaders.There are the element of the Polish blagons on its roof . On the walls there are:a Polish blogon ,a Lithuanian emblems , an element of Ukrainian Hetman`s Sahaydachny
blagon,basis element of polish geraldy.
The Pawn(1 ps)-
poor Ukrainian kossak,discontented with Polish government,future ally of the Old Hop(Bohdan Chmelnitsky) who took part in the struggle against Polish and Lithuanian troops.
ThePawns(3 pcs):
Polish and Lituainan knights.
ThePawn(1 ps):
A poor Don Kossack,representing the allies of of Bolotnikov,supporting the Poles.

The Pawn(1 ps):
A well-done Ukrainian kossack.One of the allies of Hettman Sahaydachny,who hat their part taken in the intervention against Moscow.


To the beginning of page.

The Board.

On the one side of the chess-deck there is the Vasily Blazhenny Church-carved.
On the other-a variant of St.Jeorge"the Conqueror" or "The Victor-Bearer. The front kind:Moscow Kremlin of 17 th-18 th centuries
.All the Bareliefs are surrounded with leaves-the symbol of the(unpassable)forests of Rus.On the background there are waves represented,symbolizing numerous water obstacles a host must overcome oa the way to Moscow. Numerous is artificial small distance between chess fields is created, that also means numerous water barrier on a way to Moscow.



Literature used during the design of the set.

1.B.A.Pybokov"World of History:the Initial Centuries of russian History .-pr."Moloday Gvardia",Moscow,1984.
2.B.A.Pybokov"World of History:the Initial Centuries of russian History.-pr."Moloday Gvardia",Moscow,1984.
3.Encyclopedie Dietionary.Dir B.A. Vvedensky, pr."big Soviet Encyclopedy".Moscow,1953
4.S.M.Solovyov."Stories on Russian History"-pr."Pravda"Moscow,1989
5.S.M.Solovyov.Stories on Russian Histor-pr."Pravda"Moscow,1989
6.L.Kolodny .The Mainest Square-pr."Detssaya Literatura" Moscow,1985.
7.M.Rabinvich.Not at Once Moscow was Built,-pr."Moscovian orker",Moscow,1982.
8.A.V.Shishov.Minin and Pozharsky,-pr."Military Printing Hovse" Moscow,1990.
9.D.I. Yavornitsky .History of Zaporiezhzha Kossacks,vol.1-3.-pr."Svit", Lviv,1990.. 1- 3, i. " i ", i, 1990 .
10.V.K. Lukomsky,V.L.Madsazalevsky.;Malorossian(Ukranian)Blaqon-Book.-pr."Lybid",Kyiv,1993 .
11.E.J. Kamentseva, N. V. Ustyugov. Russian [Spragesty] and [Geraldy],- pr."High Schod" 1974 .
12.V.Yan.Baty-Khan,pr."Pravda",Moscow,1984.
13.I. Krypiakevych.The Shott Ukrainian History,reprinted from issul of 1918. -Dnipropetrovsk,1991


To the beginning of page.

Translated by ALEX.

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