|In RUSSIAN KOI-8R,CLICK HERE.
The chess were exposed:in Cultural Centre
"Ukrainian House", Kiev(1997);the Attache on the culture of the Russian
Embassy in Kiev (1997) ; at "Slaviansky Bazar" (" Slavonic
Marcet") fest in 1998 (Odessa).
The Heavy pages in Moscow's History
of Rurikoviches Dinasty Times .CHESS:
"850 th anniversary of Moscow's foundation"
The set is an author's attempt to reflect the revolutionary
events in history of Moscow's history which took their places during the
time of Rurikoviches dinasty reign:the foundation of the wooden fortress
in1156; devastation and burning of Moscow by Baty-Khan in 1237;seizure
of the city by Polish army and burning in 1611.
All the pieces are executed in the manner
of busts in order to perform more precisly the smallest details of
founder of Moscow).His description in historjcal literature was taken
as the basis of the present image.The sun, represented on his
breast-plate, emphasizes his relation to Kievan Prices (the image of the
sun is being often found in theold russian literature as a methaphore for
one of the most famous Kievan Princes- Vladimir;The Red Sun").On the
back of the figurine one may see a variant of the icon of St.George as
a symbol of the Prince's relation to Moscow(St.Geoge is considered to be
heavenly patrone of Moscow).
| The King:
On his breast there is a golden plate on whitch the furious tiger is represented.This
sign of the khan's power Baty-Khan had received from his father-severe
and fearless Juchy Khan,who had received it in his time from Kingiz
-Khan-his father.The tiger's head is to mention of Kaghan's (kind of a
parliament of Mongolian- Ta- tar's) commandment:"You must obey comman-
dments of a bearer of this plate as if it where us commanded".On the
back of the figurine there is a grey eagle,carrying a black raven.The eagle
was the patron of Kingiz-Khan's clan.
The Russian Princess,who often
performed an assistance in Prince's state affairs.She symbolizes the revival
of the city and the Moscovian Princedom.
One of the seven
wifes of Baty-Khan-Yuldoos,who accompanied her husband in the warfare to
Rus.She was Baty-Khan's fovourite wife.Oh her mantel-there are seven stars,which
mean she was taken to the warfare as seventh,working("biak")wife.In
her head-there is a diademe from Tsargrad(Byzantium),presented to her by
the ambassadors of Russian,were killed by Baty-Khan.
|The Rook(1 st.):
A tower of the wooden
Moscow Kremlin that was built by Yuri Dolgoruky,according to the historical
documents,when he had begun erection of the fortifications at the bank
of Moscow River.
J.Mongolian-Tatar armies leaded by Baty-Khan,the Kingis-Khan's grand-son,crossed
the Russian lands.Baty-Khan had burnt Moscow along with many Russian cities.
The Rook(2 nd.):
One of the towers of the
Moscow Kremlin(the Byelokamenny - whitestone),restored after the no- nomad's
|The Knight: A Wild
steppeland horse, tamed by the nomads.
A tent of Mongolian-Tatars.The
roof of the tent is decorated with the images of the selestial codies,moving around
the heavens.These images reflect Baty-Khan's desire to conquer the entire
world,on the walis-there are Mongolian-Tatar's symbols.
The Pawns (3 pcs.):The Mongolian warriors.
| The Pawns (3
warriors)-the protector of the lands Moscovian and Russian.
Russian steeds,such as belonged to
Bohatyrs,mounted and ready for Battle.
|The eary 17 th century. Poland and Lithuania made attempts to conquer
the Moscowian State.
1611 J. Poish invaders
had burnt Moscow.
The Officer(1 st):
The Polish King Sigizmund III,the third in
The Knight: A knights heavy horse.
The Prince Dmitry
The Officer(2 nd):
The Pawns(3 pcs):
The Strelets(russian soldiers
of the period),who had been protecting Moscow.
The Pawn(1 ps):
A well-done Don Kossak.One of
those who had participated in liberation of Moscow.
|The Officer(2 nd):
Lzedmiitry(The False Dmitry).Polish
marionete who was to be enthroned to rule over Russia supperted by Polish
and Lithunian armies.There is not a sign his breast.This stands for absence
of any pedigree.
The Rook( 2 nd):
A tent of Polish invaders.There are the element of the Polish blagons on its roof . On
the walls there are:a Polish blogon ,a Lithuanian emblems , an
element of Ukrainian Hetman`s Sahaydachny
blagon,basis element of polish geraldy.
|The Pawn(1 ps)-
poor Ukrainian kossak,discontented with Polish government,future ally of the Old Hop(Bohdan Chmelnitsky) who
took part in the struggle against Polish and Lithuanian troops.
Polish and Lituainan knights.
A poor Don Kossack,representing
the allies of of Bolotnikov,supporting the Poles.
The Pawn(1 ps):
A well-done Ukrainian
kossack.One of the allies of Hettman Sahaydachny,who hat their part taken
in the intervention against Moscow.
To the beginning of page.
On the one side of the chess-deck there is the Vasily
1.B.A.Pybokov"World of History:the Initial Centuries of russian History .-pr."Moloday Gvardia",Moscow,1984.
On the other-a variant of St.Jeorge"the Conqueror" or "The
Victor-Bearer. The front kind:Moscow Kremlin of 17 th-18 th centuries.All
the Bareliefs are surrounded with leaves-the symbol of the(unpassable)forests
of Rus.On the background there are waves represented,symbolizing numerous
water obstacles a host must overcome oa the way to Moscow. Numerous
is artificial small distance between chess fields is created, that also
means numerous water barrier on a way to Moscow.
Literature used during the design of the set.
2.B.A.Pybokov"World of History:the Initial Centuries of russian History.-pr."Moloday Gvardia",Moscow,1984.
3.Encyclopedie Dietionary.Dir B.A. Vvedensky, pr."big
4.S.M.Solovyov."Stories on Russian History"-pr."Pravda"Moscow,1989
5.S.M.Solovyov.Stories on Russian Histor-pr."Pravda"Moscow,1989
6.L.Kolodny .The Mainest Square-pr."Detssaya Literatura" Moscow,1985.
7.M.Rabinvich.Not at Once Moscow was Built,-pr."Moscovian orker",Moscow,1982.
8.A.V.Shishov.Minin and Pozharsky,-pr."Military Printing Hovse" Moscow,1990.
9.D.I. Yavornitsky .History of Zaporiezhzha Kossacks,vol.1-3.-pr."Svit",
Lviv,1990.Ò. 1- 3, âiä. " Ñâiò ", Ëüâiâ, 1990 ð.
10.V.K. Lukomsky,V.L.Madsazalevsky.;Malorossian(Ukranian)Blaqon-Book.-pr."Lybid",Kyiv,1993 .
11.E.J. Kamentseva, N. V. Ustyugov. Russian [Spragesty]
and [Geraldy],- pr."High Schod" 1974 .
13.I. Krypiakevych.The Shott Ukrainian History,reprinted
from issul of 1918. -Dnipropetrovsk,1991
To the beginning of page.
Translated by ALEX.
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